OREB AND ZEEB


OREB AND ZEEB
OREB AND ZEEB (Heb. עוֹרֵב, עׂרֵב, "raven"; זְאֵב, "wolf "), two Midianite princes captured by the Ephraimites during a battle led by Gideon the judge (Judg. 7:25; 8:1–3). To commemorate the event, the places where the capture occurred were called "The Rock of Oreb" (Ẓur Orev) and "The Winepress of Zeeb" (Yekev Ze'ev). Their exact location is uncertain. The narrative   relates that the two princes were decapitated and their heads brought across the Jordan to Gideon, apparently as testimony to the great valor and glory of the Ephraimites (7:25; 8:2–3). The defeat and execution of Oreb and Zeeb became proverbial as a paradigm for the annihilation of the enemies of Israel (Isa. 10:26; Ps. 83:11). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Y. Kaufmann, in: Tarbiz, 30 (1960/61), 139–47 (Heb.), 45 (Eng. summary); A. Malamat, in: PEQ, 85 (1953), 61–65; C.F. Whitley, in: VT, 7 (1957), 157–64. (Nili Shupak)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Oreb and Zeeb — Oreb, a Hebrew Old Testament name meaning raven. By the time of the Judges, the Midianites, led by two princes Oreb (Hebrew: עֹרֵב, Orev) and Zeeb (Hebrew: זְאֵב, Z ev) were raiding Israel with the use of swift camels, until they were decisively… …   Wikipedia

  • Zeeb —    The wolf, one of the two leaders of the great Midianite host which invaded Israel and was utterly routed by Gideon. The division of that host, which attempted to escape across the Jordan, under Oreb and Zeeb, was overtaken by the Ephraimites,… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Oreb — Oreb, a Hebrew Old Testament name meaning raven . By the time of the Judges, the Midianites, led by two princes Oreb (Hebrew: עֹרֵב, Orev ) and Zeeb (Hebrew: זְאֵב, Z ev ) were raiding Israel with the use of swift camels, until they were… …   Wikipedia

  • Oreb —    Raven, a prince of Midian, who, being defeated by Gideon and put to straits, was slain along with Zeeb (Judg. 7:20 25). Many of the Midianites perished along with him (Ps. 83:9; Isa. 10:26) …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • ZEBAH AND ZALMUNNA — (Heb. צַלְמֻנָּע ,זֶבַח), two Midianite kings. The Israelites under the leadership of Gideon won a decisive victory over the Midianites. oreb and zeeb , two princes of Midian, were captured and slain (Judg. 7:15–25). With the complete destruction …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Judges 7 — 1 Then Jerubbaal, who is Gideon, and all the people that were with him, rose up early, and pitched beside the well of Harod: so that the host of the Midianites were on the north side of them, by the hill of Moreh, in the valley. 2 And the LORD… …   The King James version of the Bible

  • Book of Judges — (Hebrew: Sefer Shoftim ספר שופטים) is a book of the Bible originally written in Hebrew. It appears in the Tanakh and in the Christian Old Testament. Its title refers to its contents; it contains the history of Biblical judges (not to be confused… …   Wikipedia

  • Gideon — For other uses, see Gideon (disambiguation). Judges in the Bible In the Book of Joshua: Joshua In the Book of Judges: Othniel • Ehud • Shamgar • Deborah • Barak† • Gideon • Abimelech† • Tola • Jair •Jephthah • Ibzan • Elon …   Wikipedia

  • Judges 8 — 1 And the men of Ephraim said unto him, Why hast thou served us thus, that thou calledst us not, when thou wentest to fight with the Midianites? And they did chide with him sharply. 2 And he said unto them, What have I done now in comparison of… …   The King James version of the Bible

  • GIDEON — (Heb. גִּדְעוֹן, derived from גדע; to cast down ), also called Jerubaal (Heb. יְרֻבַּעַל; let Baal contend, or let Baal replace, Judg. 6:32), son of Joash, the Abiezrite from ophrah , in the area of the tribe of Manasseh. Gideon is regarded as… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism